1816 is often referred to as The Year Without a Summer…

1816 is often referred to as The Year Without a Summer as severe summer climate abnormalities caused average global temperatures to decrease by 0.4–0.7 °C, resulting in major food shortages across the Northern Hemisphere. Evidence suggests that the anomaly was caused by a combination of a historic low in solar activity with a succession of major volcanic eruptions capped by the 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora in Indonesia, the largest known eruption in over 1,300 years. The Little Ice Age, then in its concluding decades, may also have been a factor. The lack of oats to feed horses may have inspired the German inventor Karl Drais to research new ways of horseless transportation, which led to the invention of the draisine or velocipede, the ancestor of the modern bicycle and a step toward mechanized personal transport.

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