Caucasian race is the general physical type of some or all of the people of Europe, Northern Africa, the Horn of Africa and Western and Central Asia

Caucasian race is the general physical type of some or all of the people of Europe, Northern Africa, the Horn of Africa and Western and Central Asia. The term was used in biological anthropology for many people from these regions, without regard necessarily to skin tone. The term was coined by the German philosopher Christoph Meiners in The Outline of History of Mankind (1785). He proposed a taxonomy of human beings which involved only two races – Caucasians and Mongolians. He considered Caucasians to be more physically attractive than Mongolians, notably because they had the “whitest, most blooming and most delicate skin”. Caucasians were also more sensitive and more morally virtuous than Mongolians. The name “Caucasian” derived from the Southern Caucasus region (or what is now the country of Georgia), because he considered the people of this region to be the archetype for the grouping. Caucasian is now often used to refer to white people in general.

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